Types of fraud
Most of the fraud focuses on criminals assisting candidates to obtain genuine, but fraudulently acquired, qualifications.
Intelligence confirms that the two most targeted areas are the CITB Health, safety and environment test and the Level 1 Award in Health and Safety in a Construction Environment and its approved alternatives, both of which are requirements for the CSCS Labourer card.
The criminals use several methods to fraudulently obtain these legitimate qualifications, from using technology to help candidates pass online exams through to coercing staff within training centres to facilitate the fraud.
Some fraudsters focus on producing fake certificates. Historically fake certificates were badly produced and easy to spot but now the quality is so good they can pass a visual inspection by someone who is trained to spot a fake.
The number of fake certificates in circulation is low but industry must continue to work to tackle the problem.
Counterfeit versions of plastic CSCS cards were also historically very crude and easy to spot. However, the fraudsters have become more sophisticated, meaning the quality of fakes has improved to the point that a quick visual inspection will fool most.
The number of fake cards in circulation is low but industry must continue to work to tackle the problem.